Monday, October 8, 2018

Ethics and Values in Public Governance


This presentation is based on Short Term Three Days Training Course on “Ethics and Values in Public Governance” Sponsored by Department of Personnel and Training, Govt. of India and organised by Haryana Institute of Public Administration, Gurugram from September 5-7, 2018. We used both course-content as well as our other open reading for this ppt. It was presented in the lecture organised by IQAC, Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali Govt. P.G.College, Kalka on 15th September, 2018.


Link:
https://www.scribd.com/document/390311423/Ethics-and-Values-in-Public-Governance

Philosophy of Life of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Philosophy of Life of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal


Abstract


Sikhism is a monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab region, by Guru Nanak Dev and continued to progress with ten successive Sikh gurus (the last teaching being the holy scripture Gurū Granth Sāhib Ji). It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world, with over 30 million Sikhs and one of the most steadily growing. This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as the Gurmat (literally 'of the gurus').  The Sikh Scriptures outline the ways in which one can bring their own thinking in line with the Hukam. If one engages in the service of God's creation, this is the best way of working in harmony with the Divine Will. Further, by remembering Waheguru one becomes aware of "God desires" and "Divine essence" within the person is realised. By following these "Divine Values" that benefit His Creation, one ends the cycle of Karma and Transmigration.  The objective of this paper is to study the basic life values taught by Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji.

Note: Submitted for International Seminar on Life and Philosophy of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji on 24th  of November, 2017 at Desh Bhagat University Campus Mandi Gobindgarh, Village Sounti Amloh District Fatehgarh Sahib.. 

Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Epicureanism, Charvaka and Consumerism: A Search for Philosophy of Happiness

Epicureanism, Charvaka and Consumerism:  A Search for Philosophy of Happiness
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal


Abstract:
Epicurus was a Greek philosopher and more interested in pleasure or its pursuit than other ideals. He said, “No pleasure is a bad thing in itself, but the things which produce certain pleasures entail disturbances many times greater than the pleasures themselves.” Epicurus tells us that wisdom is the knowledge of which pleasures are good for us. While at times this led to a negative view of his philosophy, the reality is his thinking was very advanced and developed, leading to his ideas becoming highly influential in modern thought in many regions of the world today. His simple philosophies of avoiding pain, leading a simple life, and attaining knowledge have made his philosophy both attractive and influential to many.  One important Indian Philosophy “Charvaka” take this world to be the only reality.  Out of the four human values - Dharma, artha, kama, and moksha - they advocate pursuit of kama only and artha merely as a facilitating means for the purpose. For Charvaka, the goal of human life to attain the maximum amount of pleasure in this life, avoiding pain as far as possible. A good life is a life of maximum enjoyment. A good action is one which leads to a balance of pleasure and a bad action is one which brings about more pain than pleasure. In present times, consumerism is all pervading, the real spirit for any developing economy is to develop products and marketing practices advocating consumerism and it is inevitable to safeguard the interest of consumers at large. Consumerism is the belief that personal wellbeing and happiness depends to a very large extent on the level of personal consumption, particularly on the purchase of material goods. The idea is not simply that wellbeing depends upon a standard of living above some threshold, but that at the center of happiness is consumption and material possessions. It is an attempt of this paper to see the relation between these philosophies and try to find common characteristics which lead man to lead a happy and satisfactorily life.

Key-Words: Epicurus, Charvaka, Pleasure, Happiness and Consumerism.
Presented at National Seminar on CONSUMERISM AND CONSUMER PROTECTION IN THE ERA OF OPEN MARKETS IN INDIA (Sponsored by Panjab University, Chandigarh) PG Govt. College for Girls, Sector 11, Chandigarh on 30th January, 2018.

Principles of Good Governance Advocated by Ancient Greek Thinkers

Principles of Good Governance Advocated by Ancient Greek Thinkers
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal


ABSTRACT
Good governance, first appeared in the nineties within the United Nations, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund refers to describe how public organizations best conduct public affairs and deliver public goods and services. Today, about three decades later good governance seems to be still popular since there are still many challenges ahead for many governments especially in less-developed and developing countries.  Hence the notion of good governance was emerged as a normative commencement of the principles, values and ethics to realise the acts of governance. Some thoughts on good governance and related topics advocated by three great ancient philosophers, who appear to be relevant at the present time are considered herein. One of the said philosophers is Kautilya (also known as Chanakya and Vishnugupta), who lived in India around 150AD. The others are the two great Greek philosophers Plato (427- 347BC) and Aristotle (384-322 BC), who stand with Socrates as the shapers of the whole intellectual tradition of the West. The thoughts are extracted from that detailed manual of state-craft and the science of living known as the Arthashastra written by one of classical India’s greatest minds Kautilya, Plato’s great work known as ‘The Republic’ and Aristotle’s treatise titled ‘The Politics”.  The objective of this paper is to study the thoughts of ancient Greek philosophers who lived many centuries ago and their ideas are still relevant today. 

Key-Words: Good Governance, Democracy, Greek Philosophers, State.

Presented at:
92nd SESSION OF THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHICAL CONGRESS 5th to 7th January, 2018  Venue: Holistic Science Research Center,Vitrag Vignan Charitable Research Foundation, Near Dada Bhagawan Mahavideh Teerth Dham, Kamrej Xing, Dist. Surat, Gujarat (India) PIN-394185

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: A Modern Indian Philosopher

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: A Modern Indian Philosopher
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal

Abstract
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is one of the names  who advocated to change social order of the age-old tradition of suppression and humiliation. He was an intellectual, scholar, statesman and contributed greatly in the nation building. He led a number of movements to emancipate the downtrodden masses and to secure human rights to millions of depressed classes. He has left an indelible imprint through his immense contribution in framing the modern Constitution of free India. He stands as a symbol of struggle for achieving the Social Justice. We can assign several roles to this great personality due to his life full dedication towards his mission of eradicating evils from Indian society. The social evils of Indian society, also neglected this great personality even in intellectual sphere too. The so-called intellectuals of India not honestly discussed his contribution to Indian intellectual heritage, rather what they discussed, also smells their biases towards a Dalit literate and underestimated his great personality.  This paper will attempt to discuss important facts about life and a short description of the literature written by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. This is followed by  discussion his philosophy in the five major sections i.e. Feminism and women empowerment, philosophy of education, ideas on social justice and equality, philosophy of politics and economics and philosophy of religion.


Key words: Indian social system, social equality, philosophy of religion, women empowerment, Indian education.

Presented at:
92nd SESSION OF THE INDIAN PHILOSOPHICAL CONGRESS 5th to 7th January, 2018  Venue: Holistic Science Research Center,Vitrag Vignan Charitable Research Foundation, Near Dada Bhagawan Mahavideh Teerth Dham, Kamrej Xing, Dist. Surat, Gujarat (India) PIN-394185

महात्मा गाँधी के अनुसार आधुनिक सभ्यता: एक अवलोकन

महात्मा गाँधी के अनुसार आधुनिक सभ्यता: एक अवलोकन  
(Mahatma Gandhi on Modern Civilization: An Overview)

डॉ. देशराज सिरसवाल 
सारांश 
महात्मा गाँधी भारत के कुछ महान विद्वानों में से एक हैं जिन्होंने विश्वपटल पर अपनी एक अलग छाप छोड़ी है. उनके दर्शन को भारतीय जनमानस ने खुले मन से आत्मसात किया जिसका उदाहरण स्वतन्त्रता आन्दोलन के समय में उनके प्रभाव से जाना जा सकता है. गाँधी के सत्य के प्रयोग, अहिंसा, सत्याग्रह, सर्वोदय आदि विचार आज हमारी भारतीय शिक्षा का एक अभिन्न अंग बन चुका है. राजनीति, धर्म, सामाजिक समस्याओं पर उनका चिन्तन हमें आश्चर्य में डाल देता है. उनका साहित्य लगभग सौ ग्रन्थों में प्रकाशित रूप में हमारे बीच उपलब्ध है. गाँधी के जीवन पर भारतीय दर्शन का व्यापक प्रभाव था. गीता और बुद्ध के ‘सर्वभूत हित’ के आदर्श से गाँधी प्रभावित  रहे. उनके चिन्तन पर रस्किन एवम् टॉलस्टॉय  का भी प्रभाव था. इस तरह गाँधी में पूर्व और पश्चिम का समन्वय दिखाई देता है. गाँधी के अनुसार आधुनिक सभ्यता अनीति और अधर्म पर आधारित है इसीलिए सर्वग्रासी है . गाँधी ने वर्तमान सभ्यता की चार प्रमुख समस्यायों को चिंताजनक माना-हथियारों एवम् हिंसा की समस्या, पर्यावरण , निर्धनता एवं मानवाधिकारों की समस्या. यह समस्याएं आधुनिक सभ्यता की देन है अत: उन्होंने इसकी आलोचना की तथा विकल्प में एक नई मानव सभ्यता का प्रारूप प्रस्तुत किया जो सादगी, संयम , अपरिग्रह एवम् स्वावलम्बन की जीवनशैली के साथ अहिंसात्मक एवम् शुद्ध साधनों तथा प्रकृति के साथ मैत्री व साहचर्य पर आधारित विकास पद्धति का पक्षधर हैं. आज गाँधी एक व्यक्ति न रहकर एक वाद की तरह हमारे सामने प्रकट होते है जो हमारे सामाजिक और राजनैतिक जीवन पर असर डाल रहा है. आज गाँधी –वन्दन एवं गाँधी-विरोध का प्रवाह निरंतर चल रहा है लेकिन देश एवम् विश्व की परिस्थितियाँ गाँधी चिन्तन की प्रासंगिकता को व्यापक रूप से उजागर कर रही हैं  प्रस्तुत पत्र का उद्देश्य आधुनिक सभ्यता पर उनके विचारों को जानने का प्रयास है तथा आज के समय के अनुरूप समीक्षा करना भी है.

मुख्य-पद: महात्मा गाँधी, भारतीय दर्शन, आधुनिक सभ्यता, भारतीय समाज एवम् मूल्य.

Presented at:
International Seminar On Sustainable Development, Gandhian Legacy and 21st Century Challenges (9-10 March 2018) Sponsored by ICSSR    Organized By Department of Gandhian and Peace Studies Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Saturday, December 30, 2017

MY ACADEMIC REPORT- 2017



Dear Scholars/Friends,
I am submitting my academic report for the year 2016 as a regular practice every year.  This helps me to evaluate my academic contribution per year and motivate me to do more
Papers Published: 03 +02
  • Religious Practices and Democratic Values in India: A Search for Interreligious Dialogue” in Proceedings of National Seminar on World Religions: A Step Towards Inter-Religious Dialogue, Sponsored by ICPR New Delhi at Department of Philosophy, Patkai Christian College (Autonomous), Chumukedima, Nagaland, 24-25 February, 2017, pp.98-102.
  • “Samaj Mein Naitik Mulyon ki Aavashyakta “ in Parmita, Year 08, No.08, pp.86-91 (ISSN:095-2560).
  • दर्शन, सृजनात्मकता और मानवीय सम्बन्ध “ in Milestone Education Review Milestone Education Review (The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation), Year 08, No.02, October, 2017, pp.04-13 (ISSN: 2278-2168).
  • “Principles of Good Governance Advocated by Ancient Greek Thinkers” by Ajay Kumar Sharma and Desh Raj Sirswal in edited book  GOOD GOVERNANCE: SOME ETHICAL ISSUES (submitted).
  • “Philosophy of Life of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji” in the Proceedings of International Seminar on Life and Philosophy of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji on 24th  of November, 2017 at Desh Bhagat University Campus Mandi Gobindgarh, Village Sounti Amloh District Fatehgarh Sahib.
Book/E-book: 01
  • Essays on Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, [Kindle Edition], Desh Raj Sirswal (Editor) Publisher: Centre for Studies in Educational, Social and Cultural Development (CSESCD), Milestone Education Society (Regd.), Pehowa (Kurukshetra), December 15, 2017,  http://www.amazon.com
Papers  Presented: 06
  • “Rights of Depressed Classes: A Constitutional Approach” in ICSSR Sponsored Two Days National Seminar cum Workshop on “Applied Indian Paradigms of Human Rights-Possibilities and Challenges (with special reference ot Samvedanaa, Sanskar & Adhikar) at S.D.College (Lahore) Ambala Cantt. in collaboration with Department of Sanskrit, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar and Department of Sanskrit, Punjabi University, Patiala held on 13th-14th January, 2017.
  • “Ethical Leadership in India: Present Scenario and Future” in UGC Sponsored Two-Day National Seminar On Contemporary Ethics: Theoretical, Practical and Methodological Disquiet, organised by  Department of Philosophy., Singhbhum College, Chandil, Kolhan University, Jharkhand held on 6th- 7th February, 2017.
  • “Religious Practices and Democratic Values in India: A Search for Interreligious Dialogue” in ICPR Sponsored National Seminar on World Religions: A Step Towards Inter-Religious Dialogue organized by Department of Philosophy, Patkai Christian College (Autonomous), Chumukedima, Nagaland, held on 24-25 February, 2017.
  • “Aristotle on Happiness and the Good Life” in ICSSR North Western Regional Centre, Chandigarh sponsored One-Day National Seminar on “Aristotle and the Good Life’ organised by Department of Philosophy and Post Graduate Department of Public Administration at PGGCG-11, Chandigarh held on 29th March, 2017.
  • “A Study of Self-Perception in Relation to Well-Being in Buddhism” in 4th International & 6th Indian Psychological Science Congress organised by Department of Psychology, Panjab University, Chandigarh held on September 18-20, 2017.
  • “Charvaka Darshan ke Tattava Siddhant ki Vartmaan Prasangikta” in 62th Session of Akhil Bhartiya Darshan Parishad (ABDP) at J.N.V. University, Jodhpur held on 13th to 15th October, 2017. 
Citation Received: 04
  • Whiley, Dona, et al. (2017).  "Enhancing critical thinking skills in first year environmental management students: a tale of curriculum design, application and reflection." Journal of Geography in Higher Education 41.2 (2017): 166-181..( Mahatma Jyotiba Phule: A Modern Indian Philosopher).
  • Duhamel, Vincent.(2017)  "Savoir et savoir-faire: la connaissance pratique entre intellectualisme et anti-intellectualisme." (2017). (The Official Doctrine and its Relevance Today) 
  • Duhamel, Vincent (2017). "Savoir et savoir-faire: la connaissance pratique entre intellectualisme et anti-intellectualisme." (2017). (Ryle’s Dispositional Analysis of Mind and its Relevance).
  • Mohammad Salehi Sari, S.Zahra Hoseini Dronkolaei, Shahrbano Mohammadi (2017). “Human Resource Strategies Regarding Professional Ethics Staff of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences” in Bioethics Journal (Quarterly), Vol.07, No.24. (2017) Citation: Sirswal DR. Professional ethics and morality. Haryana: Society for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies; 2011. Link: 3http://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/en-be/article/view/19028.
Programme Organised:03
  • ICSSR North-Western Regional Centre, Chandigarh Sponsored One-Day National Seminar on “Aristotle and the Good Life” organised by Department of Philosophy and P.G. Department of Public Administration held on 29th March 2017.
  • An “Interactive Session with Students” on the eve of Teacher’s Day organized by The Positive Philosophy Society “ on 5th September, 2017.
  • “World Philosophy Day” Celebrated with a Lecture on “The Philosophy of Happiness” by Ms. Sahar Gharachorlou  (An Internationally Certified “Life Coach” and a Motivational Speaker) orgnaised by the Departments of Philosophy and Hindi on 16th November, 2017.
Membership/Board Member: 02
  • Special Invitee in the meeting of U.G.Board of Studies in the subject of Philosophy at Panjab University, Chandigarh (2017-2018).
  • Life Member, Indian Philosophical Congress (T2018/L/0010)
Online Pages Developed: 01
Participations:04
  • RUSA Sponsored Capacity Building Workshop on “ Sexual Harassment at Workplace: Prevention and Action” sponsored by State Project Directorate (RUSA) ,UT Chandigarh at P.G.Govt. College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh held on 20th February, 2017.
  • Workshop on “Love Yourself, Heal Your Life” by Ms. Sahar Gharachorlou at Chandigarh on 3rd September, 2017.
  • RUSA Sponsored Capacity Building Workshop on “Research Ethics, Plagiarism and Quality Research Papers” held at Post Graduate Government College for Girls, Sector-11. Chandigarh under the aegis of STEC Chandigarh on 18th November, 2017.
  • Inauguration of "Dr. B. R.Ambedkar Community Resource Centre" in the Solan city of Himachal Pradesh on 17th December 2017 by MSC-Movement for Scavenger Community.
Poster: 01
  • Happy World Philosophy Day –2017 (Buddha on Happiness).
Journal Issues:04
  • Lokāyata: Journal of Positive Philosophy (ISSN 2249-8389) , Joint Issue Vol.VI (No.02) & Vol.VII (No.01), March 2017, Special Issue on “Aristotle and the Good Life”.
  • Lokāyata :Journal of Positive Philosophy  (ISSN: 2249-8389)  Vol. VII (2) September, 2017.
  • Milestone Education Review (The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation) Year 08, No.01 (April, 2017).
  • Special Issue on Philosophy, Man and His World of Milestone Education Review (The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation) Year 08, No.02 (October, 2017).
Additional Work:
In addition to the abovesaid, I submitted several reports of the programmes, prepared new online profiles regular updated all our philosophy pages including Philosophy News in India, The Positive Philosophy, Indian Psychology, Interdisciplinary Studies, Scribd.com, Research Gate, Academia.edu, Issuu.com etc.  Some assignments are pending for the next year:
  • Edited Book: Ethical Philosophy of Aristotle
  • Book: Kavita Moun Hi Hoti Hai (Poetry)
  • Book: The Stunning Beauty (Poetry)
  • Paper: Moral Philosophy of Karl Marx and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Hope your blessings, motivation and good wishes guide me in my academic career and social life in future also.
Thanks for being with me.
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal

December 31, 2017